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High Blood Cholesterol

Every cell in the body contains the substance cholesterol, which helps the body create new cells.

However, if the blood cholesterol level is excessive, fatty deposits will eventually accumulate inside blood vessel walls, preventing blood flow through the arteries.




Cholesterol kinds

Three distinct kinds of cholesterol exist, including:

1. High blood pressure (Low-density lipoprotein - LDL)

It is what the blood carries throughout the body and deposits on the artery walls, hardening and narrowing them.

2. Very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) contains the most triglycerides, a form of fat that binds to proteins in the blood, causing cholesterol particles to build up and grow larger, which causes blood vessels to constrict.

You may need additional medicine to lower your cholesterol level if your blood test results indicate that it is increased even though you are using drugs to do so because it is very high in triglycerides.

3. High levels of HDL (High-density lipoprotein - HDL)

It is responsible for gathering extra cholesterol and transferring it to the liver.

Signs of elevated cholesterol

Since high cholesterol levels are only found by a blood test, there are no signs of high cholesterol in the blood.

Causes of high cholesterol and its risk factors

By attaching to specific blood proteins, cholesterol is able to travel through blood arteries.

In medical jargon, this fusion of proteins and cholesterol is referred to as lipoproteins. The following categories describe the elements that influence cholesterol:

1. Managed determinants of cholesterol

The most significant of the many elements under control that work to increase the percentage of bad cholesterol and decrease the percentage of good cholesterol are as follows:

smoking

Cigarette Smoking can lower levels of healthy cholesterol and harm blood artery walls, leaving them more vulnerable to the buildup of fatty deposits inside them.

Overweight

Your chance of having high cholesterol may also rise if your BMI is greater than 30.

Malnutrition

Cholesterol levels are increased by consuming foods heavy in trans fats, high-fat dairy products, and red meat.

refraining from physical exercise

The body benefits from physical activity by having higher levels of good cholesterol and lower levels of bad cholesterol.


2. Uncontrollable factors

The amount of cholesterol in the blood can also be influenced by other, uncontrolled factors, such as:

High blood pressure: High blood pressure affects the artery walls, which might hasten the process of fatty deposits building up inside of them.

Diabetes: High blood sugar levels cause the levels of both good and bad cholesterol to increase and good cholesterol to drop.

relatives of the patients: High cholesterol levels raise the risk of heart disease if a parent or sibling died from the condition before turning 50.

problems caused by high cholesterol

A harmful buildup of cholesterol and other deposits on the walls of the arteries known as atherosclerosis can be brought on by high cholesterol levels.

These buildups, also known as plaques, may reduce blood flow through the arteries.

Possible outcomes include:

·       Chest pain and other symptoms are probable if the damaged arteries are those that carry blood to the heart.

·       A blood clot may form and obstruct blood flow, or it may fragment and obstruct an additional artery. A heart attack results from the heart-stopping to pump blood, and a stroke results from the blood not reaching the brain.

Treatment for high cholesterol consists of the following:

1. A shift in lifestyle

The first step in treating high cholesterol is to make essential lifestyle adjustments, such as:

engaging in regular physical activity.

Keep up a balanced, healthful diet.

2. Drug treatment

Your doctor could suggest medication therapy if, after considerable lifestyle adjustments, your LDL cholesterol level remains high.

The best drug to treat cholesterol will depend on a number of variables, including your risk factors, age, current health state, and potential adverse effects.

The following are typical and legal cholesterol medications:

Statins: The most popular drug for lowering blood levels of bad cholesterol, statins prevent the liver from secreting a chemical that is necessary for the creation of cholesterol.

resins that bind bile acids: Bile, a substance required for the body's digesting process, is made by the liver using cholesterol.

These medications stop this process.

Inhibitors of cholesterol absorption: The small intestine absorbs and excretes cholesterol from food into the blood.

These medications prevent cholesterol from being absorbed.

Your cholesterol therapy options if your triglyceride levels are high include:

Fibrates.

Niacin

a statin is taken along with niacin.

If you opt to use medications to treat high cholesterol, your doctor may urge you to have periodic liver function tests to monitor the effects of these treatments on your liver.

The majority of these medications do not have substantial adverse effects, but their effectiveness varies from person to person.

lowering high cholesterol

The best recommendations for lowering cholesterol are as follows:

Engage in physical activity every day.

All cigarette products that reduce your risk of high cholesterol should be avoided.

Eliminate extra weight.

Eat well since foods strong in dietary fiber can decrease cholesterol levels almost as effectively as statins.

Avoid eating meals that contain trans fats.

Choose whole-wheat foods because they contain a variety of nutrients that help to maintain a healthy heart.

Make sure to eat a variety of fruits and veggies.

Make careful to consume healthy fish, since many varieties have lower fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol content than meat and poultry.

substitute treatments.

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